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Learning Disabilities Articles for Help with Kids by Susan Kramer


1. What Is Dysgraphia?
2. Dyslexia Information and Help
3. Oppositional Defiant Disorder - Symptoms
Oppositional Defiant Disorder - Explained
5. Oppositional Defiant Disorder - Managing Anger
6. What Is Childhood Disintegrative Disorder  - CDD?
Hyperlexia Information
8. Asperger's Disorder Information
9. TSC and Learning Disabilities
Living Harmoniously with Learning Disabilities
11. Cooperation and Learning Disabilities
12. Overcoming Stress
13. Dividing Time Between Your Kids
14. Helping Kids with Challenges Make Friends
15. Learning Difficulties or Disabilities?
16. Making Transitions and Learning Disabilities
17. Helping Kids Find New Solutions
18. Back to School Dress When Challenged
19. Showing Courage and Learning Disabilities
20. Teach Kids to Stay Close to Home
21. Feeling Fear and Learning Disabilities
22. Kids Learn Trustworthiness
23. Multitasking Ideas
24. Laziness or Learning Disabilities?
25. Helping Kids Reach Their Goals
26. Family Roundtable Discussions with Kids
27. Materialism Issues
28. Illness or Accident Leading to a Challenge
29. Vocational or Academics for Challenged Teens?
30. Expectations and Relating
31. Nurturing Kids of All Abilities
32. Our Roles in the Eyes of Society
Developing Self-Esteem
34. Changing Goals and Learning Disabilities
35. Shopping Trips Can Be Educational
36. Achievement with Learning Disabilities
37. Resolving Conflicts and Learning Disabilities
38. Teaching Kids Order and Organization
39. Family Life with Learning Disabilities
40. Backyard Motor Skills Games
41. Truancy and Learning Disabilities
42. Kids Learn About Playing Fairly
43. Looking for Equitable Resolves
44. Aerobic Activities for Stress Relief in School
45. Acceptance, Abundance and Learning Disabilities
46. Kids Learn About Sharing

9. TSC and Learning Disabilities

Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) causes amongst many symptoms those of some learning disabilities. TSC is sometimes genetic and one of the signs of it is tumors in organs such as the brain, heart, eyes, lungs and skin. They are not cancerous. It generally affects the central nervous system. About 1 in 6,000 babies are born with the disease.

Some people have mild cases and others severe with a wide range in the middle. Since this is a learning disabilities site, in this article I'll be talking about developmental problems, ADHD, retardation and its relation to autism. But, again, not everyone has so many outward symptoms and in fact there may never be a diagnosis. It is thought to be as common as ALS, which would be at least a million people on the planet.

If it is known that a parent has TSC, genetic testing is in order because kids have a 1 in 2 chance of inheriting it if at least one of their parents has the complex. But, what is interesting is that only about 1 in 3 cases are actually inherited, the rest are born with a spontaneous gene mutation in TSC1 or TSC2, meaning the individual is the first affected rather than inherited.(1)

Whereas 3% to 5% of kids in the general population have ADHD, as many as 25% to 50% of children with TSC exhibit signs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Some signs of ADHD are constantly moving around, trouble completing tasks, inattention, being disorganized, amongst others.(2)

It is thought that 40% of people with TSC are mentally retarded. The number used to be thought higher, but this is the current research. This is based on a child at least 8 years old who has an IQ of at least 70. The more tubers a person has in their brain, the more retarded they are likely to be.(3)

Current research shows that between 25% and 50% of children with TSC also develop one of the autism spectrum disorders. It is believed that the brain tubers interfere with development of social communication skills. Furthermore it appears that spasms or epilepsy in youngsters with cortical brain tubers is a combination that leads to autism.(4)

Many people with TSC are so mildly affected that they are never diagnosed. Treatment consists of controlling the symptoms. Currently research is being carried out mostly by the United States Federal Government at the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS).(1)

(1) Tuberous Sclerosis Fact Sheet
(2) ADHD and TSC
(3) Mental Retardation in TSC
(4) TS and Autism Spectrum Disorders

Article by Susan Kramer

Resources for parents, teachers and homeschooling families:

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Rhythms and Dances for School Age Kids

Rhythms and Dances for School Age Kids
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Rhythms and Dances for Toddlers and Preschoolers

Rhythms and Dances for Toddlers and Preschoolers
Click on cover image
Kinesthetic Math and Language Lessons

Kinesthetic Math and Language Lessons
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All articles copyright 2000-2011 Susan Helene Kramer
Susan Kramer has worked as a dance specialist with kids and adults of all abilities for more than 30 years,
and lives with her husband in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Click autobiography for details.